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Blunthead Salamanders

Updated: Apr 30, 2020

By Jack Mansfield

According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature Species Survival Commission (IUCN SSC), the Blunthead Salamander (Ambystoma amblycephalum) is a critically endangered species of salamander native to a very specific 18km2 location in Tacicuaro, west of Morelia city in Mexico. This is the only known location of this particular species. The species population is very fragmented due to the removal of water sources and the expansion of new urban settlements. The destruction of natural habitats is the main reason behind the continuous decline in the population.

As with most salamanders, Bluntheads spend their lives migrating between water and soil for seasonal events like mating and spawning.

Young salamanders often eat small Daphnia and other microorganisms present in pond water. However, adult salamanders are very carnivorous and will eat almost anything that moves!

Blunthead salamanders among others may have yellow or orange spots along their backs. These spots warn predators that they are poisonous, so they won’t hunt them. While they are not lethally toxic, salamander poison makes them taste very bitter which can make predators uncomfortable when trying to eat them.

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