Philippine Eagle

Pithecophaga jefferyi

philippine eagle.jpg

The Philippine eagle can be found across the South and Eastern islands of the Philippines. The species diet consists of a wide range of species but rodents and small lemurs that share its range seem to be the most common prey. Classified as Critically Endangered the species numbers less than 500 individuals, with trends suggesting this is still decreasing. Habitat loss and intense deforestation on the islands are causing significant pressures for the species survival.



Found throughout the Philippines the bird of prey species is mostly found on the Southern islands of the chain. However smaller populations are present along the eastern edge where appropriate habitat can be found.



The Philippine eagle inhabits wet forests, in particular areas made up of large dipterocarp tree species. It can also be found in secondary or new forest areas, but is less likely to nest in these less ideal habitats.



The species preferentially hunts species of cloud rats as well as the Philippine flying lemur. However they are generalist hunters and have been shown to prey upon birds, bats, primates, lizards and even palm civets.



Deforestation and habitat loss are the most significant threats to the Philippine eagle. Mining expansion and the timber industry are rapidly removing much of the dense and well developed forests on the islands. This species is also vunerable to hunting and trapping while hunting on the forest floor.


Conservation status:

Classified as Critically Endangered and still in decline there is a real possibility this species is faced with imminent extinction. It is thought between 200-500 individuals exist in the Philippines with less than 100 nests spotted in the last survey.